Swift

Winter War

Winter War Offensives
The Winter War was fought between Finland and the Soviet Union from November 30, 1939 to March 13, 1940. The Soviet Union attempted to re-annex the Grand Duchy of Finland, a land lost by the Communist takeover of Russia. The USSR and the Finnish Democratic Republic (a Soviet puppet State) fought the Grand Duchy of Finland.

The Soviets possessed more than three times as many soldiers as the Finns, thirty times as many aircraft, and a hundred times as many tanks. The Red Army, however, had been crippled by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin's Great Purge of 1937, reducing the army's morale and efficiency shortly before the outbreak of the fighting. With more than 30,000 of its army officers executed or imprisoned, including most of those of the highest ranks, the Red Army in 1939 had many inexperienced senior and mid-level officers.


Hostilities ceased in March 1940 with the signing of the Moscow Peace Treaty. Finland ceded 11% of its pre-war territory and 30% of its economic assets to the Soviet Union.


The war lasted from 30 November 1939 – 13 March 1940, which was 3 months, 1 week and 5 days. 323,000 Soviet Casualities, and 70,000 Finnish casualties.


This is in the World War II Series.


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