The Russo-Japanese War

Your name is Japan, and your neighbor's name is Korea. He has another neighbor called Russia. You live in a pretty big house with your cousins, uncles, brothers, sisters, aunts, and literally every family member you can think of. Korea lives alone in a fairly small house. Meanwhile, Russia lives in a huge mansion with a couple others.

You decide that you want Korea's house. Instead of buying it (since Korea would have refused), you decide to march in there, point a gun at Korea, and demand that he give you his house. He agrees, but Russia, the guy with the mansion, also comes barging in, demanding that you give him a share. Reluctantly, you agree, but Russia soon takes over almost half of the whole house - without having spent the effort to get the house in the first place!

You, Japan, then decide to 'declare war' on Russia, to take over the whole house and a bit of his house too.

The Russo-Japanese War (From February 8th, 1904 to September 5th, 1905) was "the first great war of the 20th century." It started from rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and Japanese Empire over Manchuria and Korea, because of the results of the First Sino-Japanese War. Several great powers, including Russia, had forced Japan not to claim parts of Korea, but Russia moved in and took control of Northern Korea. The major theaters of operations were Southern Manchuria, specifically the area around the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden; and the seas around Korea, Japan, and the Yellow Sea

Russians sought a water port on the Pacific Ocean, for their navy as well as for maritime trade. Vladivostok was only allowed to be used during the summer season, but Port Arthur would be operational all year. Since the end of the First Sino-Japanese War and 1903, negotiations between Russia and Japan had proved impractical. Japan decided to use war to gain dominance in Korea. 

After discussions stopped in 1904, the Japanese Navy attacked the Russian eastern fleet at Port Arthur, a naval base in the Liaotung province leased to Russia by China, which led to war. The Russians were not organized and the Japanese defeated them in a series of battles on land and at sea.
The battles, in which the Japanese military achieved victory over the Russian forces directed against them, were unexpected by world observers. As time transpired, these victories would transform the balance of power in East Asia, resulting in a reassessment of Japan's recent entry onto the world stage.
The Russo-Japanese War had a significant impact on World War I - Because of the Tsar's failure to defeat Japan, it increased the power of the liberals, and so eventually, that led to the Russian Civil War and the dropout of Russia from World War 1.

List of battles: Year-Name of Battle: Date-Naval Battle: Victor

  • 1904-Battle of Port Arthur: 8 February: naval battle Inconclusive
  • 1904-Battle of Chemulpo Bay, 9 February: naval battle Japanese victory
  • 1904-Battle of Yalu River, 30 April to 1 May: Japanese victory
  • 1904-Battle of Nanshan, 25 May – 26 May, Japanese victory
  • 1904-Battle of Telissu, 14 June – 15 June, Japanese victory
  • 1904-Battle of Motien Pass, 17 July, Japanese victory
  • 1904-Battle of Ta-shih-chiao, 24 July, Japanese victory
  • 1904-Battle of Hsimucheng, 31 July, Japanese victory
  • 1904-Battle of the Yellow Sea, 10 August: naval battle Japanese victory strategically/tactically inconclusive
  • 1904-Battle off Ulsan, 14 August: naval battle Japanese victory
  • 1904 to 1905-Siege of Port Arthur, 19 August to 2 January: Japanese victory
  • 1904-Battle of Liaoyang, 25 August to 3 September: Inconclusive
  • 1904-Battle of Shaho, 5 October to 17 October: Inconclusive
  • 1905-Battle of Sandepu, 26 January to 27 January: Inconclusive
  • 1905-Battle of Mukden, 21 February to 10 March: Japanese victory
  • 1905-Battle of Tsushima, 27 May to 28 May naval battle: Japanese victory

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