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South African Border War

South Africa
Southwest Africa/Namibia
The South African Border War, was a conflict that took place from 1966 to 1989 in South-West Africa and Angola between South Africa and its allied forces on one side and the Angolan government, South-West Africa People's Organization, and their allies on the other.
The war was largely an extension of the Cold War, because it placed China and the United States against the Soviet Union, and since South Africa was one of the non-Communist Africa Nations, the United States supported South Africa. But China encouraged South Africa to ally with the United States because of the Sino-Soviet Split.

It was related to the Angolan Civil War and the Namibian War of Independence. When South Africa began implementing apartheid in Southwest Africa, the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) formed the People's Liberation Army of Namibida (PLAN). Portugal was in the war against Angola already, but on November 11, 1975, Portugal granted independence to Angola. The three militant groups in Angola began to try to control Luanda. From 1966-1988, the UN declared South Africa's occupation of Namibia to be illegal. Finally, on 1989, Namibia began its transition for independence.

Red stands for Angola and Zimbabwe, while blue is South Africa.
This event occurred after Europe receded from the African continent, especially after Portugal left Angola, and Great Britain left South Africa.


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  1. The South African Border War, commonly referred to as the Angolan Bush War in South Africa, was a conflict that took place from 1966 to 1989 largely in South-West Africa (now Namibia) and Angola between South Africa and its allied forces (mainly the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola, UNITA) on the one side and the Angolan government, South-West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO), and their allies (mainly Cuba) on the other. It was closely intertwined with the Angolan Civil War and the Namibian War of Independence.

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