Operation Weserübung - Invasion of Norway

There were several reasons for the invasion of Denmark and Norway. Denmark was a valuable exporter of beef and other dairy products to Germany. Norway was a place on Europe that France and Britain might use to invade Germany. In fact, France and Britain had planned an occupation of Norway, but the Germans got there first.

Germany invaded Denmark and Norway from April 9 of 1940 to June 10, 1940. In other words, the invasion lasted 2 months and 1 day. Denmark's King Christian X quickly surrendered to save Danish soldiers, but sank all Danish ships so the Nazis couldn't use them.

Then, Germany made these the target objectives of the invasion of Norway:

  • The Norwegian capital Oslo and nearby population centres
  • Bergen
  • Narvik
  • Tromsø
  • Trondheim
  • Kristiansand
  • Stavanger
The Germans did not invade Sweden because it wanted a buffer states between it and the Soviet Union. In addition, iron and wood were extremely important raw materials that Sweden continued to ship to Germany.

Germany successfully won the 'wars' for Denmark and Norway, though resistance groups remained in the two nations that would sabotage the German war effort. In addition, the Danish Red Cross ensured that the Danish Jews whom did not escape across the Oresund through the Danish Resistance would remain alive in the infamous Nazi concentration camps.

This is in the World War II series.

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