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Boxer Rebellion

When your neighbors have all decided to invade your house and take your furniture, what do you do? The policeman also joined in - well, the Boxers chose to try to kick the neighbors out and retake the furniture- which ultimately failed.

The Boxer Rebellion was an important part of Chinese History, as it proved the inability of the Qing Dynasty so successfully reform.


    Boxer Rebellion Picture
  • In March 1898, Boxer activity begins because of the German and British occupations of Chinese lands, as well as the failure of the Imperial Court's Self-Strengthening Movement. They are oppressed by both the Qing Dynasty and the foreigners, as they seek to overthrow all foreigners, and the Qing Dynasty was Manchu. 
  • In July 1898, Emperor Guangxu began the Hundred Days Reform. However, Empress Dowager (his mother) Cixi led a coup for the reactionary forces in court. Guangxu is aware of the coup, but he puts his trust in Yuan Shikai, a person who would go on to backstab nearly every government that trusted him, to suppress the reactionary coup. Yuan Shikai aligns himself with Cixi instead and supports the house arrest of Guangxu.
  • In October 1898, the Boxers stop promoting an anti-Manchu stance, arguing that foreign nations should be booted out, including the China Inland mission. This is mostly because the reactionaries have taken over the Qing, and they share similar views to the Boxers. In fact, the Boxers believed that bullets would not be able to kill them, unlike other people. They felt the bullets would somehow ricochet off them. Needless to say, the 'lead pills' served as a good medicine, cleaning them of this mistaken belief. An unfortunate side effect of these lead pills was that the Boxer in question normally died after it passed through the body.
  • In January 1900, foreigners from both Western nations and Japan come to China, demanding that the Qing surrender their authority to foreign nations. Cixi declares war on every foreign nation in question.
  • In June 1900, the Boxers, supported by Imperial Troops, attack several foreign compounds in Tianjin and Peking 
  • On June 10, 1900, 2,000 Marines, led by British Vice Admiral Edward Seymour begin moving toward Peking.
  • On June 19, 1900, facing stiff resistance, Seymour's forces begin their retreat 
  • On June 20, 1900, the envoy of the German Empire, Klemens Freiherr von Ketteler, is murdered by a soldier of the Imperial Army 
  • On June 21, 1900, in response to demands from allied forces for redress, Empress Dowager Cixi declares war on foreign powers in China but regional governors fail to support her 
  • On June 25, 1900, the First Intervention force, led by Seymour, finally completes it's retreat back to Tianjin 
  • On July 17, 1900, the Eight-Nation Alliance, which had been building since June, finally secures Tianjin. 
  • On July 27, 1900, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany orders his soldiers to "make the name German remembered in China for a thousand years so that no Chinaman will ever again dare to even squint at a German," and to “behave as Huns”, an edict that much of the allied force takes to heart. 
  • On August 4, 1900, 20,000 of the 52,000 allied troops begin their march to Peking, facing minimal resistance as the Boxers melted away. 
  • On August 14, 1900, after fighting through humid temperatures up to 110 degrees Fahrenheit, the allied forces capture Peking. 
  • By September 7, 1901, the Qing court is forced to sign the "Boxer Protocol",ordering for the execution of ten high ranking officials and the payment of over 333 million US dollars in reparations. This would prevent the Qing from ever modernizing.


Bibliography:
Boxer Rebellion. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Nov. 2013. Web. 16 Nov. 2013.

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4 comments

  1. unifiniti is a great resource! thanks!

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  2. Uninfinite is amazing and I have got a lot to learn from this site.
    The Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement was an anti-imperialist uprising which took place in China towards the end of the Qing dynasty between 1899 and 1901. It was initiated by the Militia United in Righteousness (Yihetuan), known in English as the "Boxers," and was motivated by proto-nationalist sentiments and opposition to foreign imperialism and associated Christian missionary activity. The Great Powers intervened and defeated the Chinese forces.
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    1. Thank you for the information, Deepak!

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