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Geography: Physical and Political Sahara Desert Map


Sahara Desert Map 

The Sahara Desert is the world's largest desert. The Sahara Desert is located in North Africa, as you can see in the Sahara Desert Map above.

The Sahara Desert is bordered by the Atlas Mountains, Congo Basin, Ethiopian Highlands, the Nile River, the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Sea, the Red Sea, the Levant Sea, and the Fertile Crescent.

Sahara Desert Map

When you look at this Sahara Desert Map, you see the political boundaries of the countries on the Sahara Desert Map. The countries located on the Sahara Desert Map are Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia. 

Most of the Saharan states achieved independence from Europe after World War II: Libya from Italy in 1951, Morocco from Spain, Sudan from Britain, and Tunisia in 1956, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger in 1960, and Algeria in 1962.

Spain withdrew from Western Sahara in 1975, and it was partitioned between Mauritania and Morocco. Mauritania withdrew in 1979, and Morocco continues to hold the territory.

After World War II, several mines and communities have developed to utilize the desert's natural resources. These include large deposits of oil and natural gas in Algeria and Libya and large deposits of phosphates in Morocco and Western Sahara.


Sahara Desert Map

The picture of the Sahara Desert above shows endless sand, for miles. It shows something similar to what you would expect from the Sahara Desert Map at the top of the page - endless miles of sand in the Sahara Desert.


Sahara Desert Map
An rock arch in Libya
These pictures show the length of the Sahara Desert: the Political Sahara Desert Map shows the 10 countries and 1 territory the Sahara Desert passes through, while the Physical Sahara Desert Map shows the Sahara Desert as a geographical landmark.

 Dust storm in the Sahara Desert

The climate of the Sahara Desert can strangely include snow. On February 18, 1979, snow fell in Southern Algeria, including a thirty minute snowstorm. On January 18, 2012, snow fell in several places in western Algeria, which is in the Sahara Desert. 

Oasis in the Sahara Desert
Oasis in the Sahara Desert
Half of the Sahara Desert receives less than 20 mm (0.79 in) of rain per year, and the rest receives up to 100 mm (3.9 in) per year. The rainfall happens very rarely, but when it does it is usually torrential when it occurs after long dry periods. The Sahara Desert and surrounding regions are greening because of increased rainfall.

Satellite images of the Sahel between 1982 and 2002, and in both Eastern Sahara Desert and Western Sahara Desert a more than 20-year-long trend of increased grazing areas and flourishing trees and shrubs, prove that view is correct.

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