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History of Russia

RussiaModern Russia - the Russian Federation:

Russia is a nation led by Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev. Russia was first led by Boris Yeltsin. His government was corrupt, 

The privatization largely shifted control of enterprises from state agencies to individuals with inside connections in the government. Many of the newly rich moved billions in cash and assets outside of the country in an enormous capital flight.

The depression of the economy led to the collapse of social services; the birth rate plummeted while the death rate skyrocketed. Millions plunged into poverty, from 1.5% level of poverty in the late Soviet era, to 39–49% by mid-1993. The 1990s saw extreme corruption and lawlessness, the rise of criminal gangs and violent crime.

The Soviet Union:

The Soviet Union was estabilished after the Russian Civil War, by Vladimir Lenin, in his "10 days that shook the world" speech. The Soviet Union was a poor society, and was forced to declare peace in World War I, losing massive amounts of territory, but achieving the goal of peace, and became a socialist dictatorship.

The Soviet Union invaded Poland with Germany, splitting it half and half. The Soviet Union then invaded the Baltics and invaded Finland in the Winter War, while Germany invaded Denmark and Norway, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Belgium, France, and took control of Hungary, Bulgaria, and Romania. Germany then began an attack on the Soviet Union - the Soviet Union then joined World War II.

The Russian Winter stopped the German advance long enough for Soviet troops to arrive from Siberia to defend Moscow using skis. Finally, Germany was defeated and surrendered when the Soviet Union captured Berlin and Hitler committed suicide.

The Soviet Union and the United States then began the Cold War - a war that involved no direct fighting, but rather, fighting in other nations like the Korean War, Vietnam War, and the Chinese Civil War.

Russian Territorial Changes
Western Russian Territorial Changes

The Soviet Union ended when Gorbachev, the first and last President of the Soviet Union, stepped down, after creating reforms, such as perstroika. Gorbachev continues to live to this day.

The Russian Empire:

The Russian Empire was created by Tsar Peter the Great in his attempt to modernize Russia. He modernized Russia, and in the Northern War, he took land from Sweden, and created a new capital - Petrograd, which is now known as St.Petersburg.

Later emperors fought in the Crimean War, and Alexander II annexed Finland. During the Napoleonic Wars, the cold winter killed most of the French troops under Napoleon. 

However, the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War would be a motivating factor of the Russian Civil War. The Russian Empire became less popular because of World War I and rations, and the Russian Revolution began. It started by overthrowing the Russian Empire, and creating the provisional government, which was then overthrown by the Bolsheviks.
"Russian Empire." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 July 2013. Web. 08 Nov. 2013.

Economics of Russia:
Russia is part of the BRIC: Brazil, Russia, India, and China



  1. the russian empire is smaller than what you said

  2. So I just posted a map of the Russian Empire:
    The Russian Empire was this large - their control over many of these areas were tenuous and sometimes non-existent, but they claimed the area.

    It's kind of like Spain and New Spain or France and New France. They didn't control all of the land - they just controlled the rivers. Spain itself claimed areas up to Vancouver, but didn't actually control the land. Yet we consider them to have all that land.