Mao Zedong was the leader of the Communist Party of China after the Long March during the Chinese Civil War, and a dictator. During World War II and the Second Sino-Japanese War, his party formed the United Front with the Chinese Nationalists, but participated less than the Nationalists, who sent 500,000 of their best troops to Shanghai during the Japanese invasion of Shanghai.
After the war, there was more fighting and a continuation of the Chinese Civil War. The Nationalists lost and were fled to Taiwan, while Mao set up a Communist Dictatorship.
It is now believed that as many as 60 million to 80 million people may have died because of Mao Zedong’s policies, including the Cultural Revolution and the Great Leap Forward-making him responsible for more deaths than Adolf Hitler and Josef Stalin combined.
Hitler’s policies led to 6 million deaths during World War II and in concentration camps, and Stalin is blamed for tens of millions more. Chinese government figures say between 15 million and 25 million people died unnatural deaths during Mao Zedong’s reign from 1949 until his death in 1976.
One document, published by the Shanghai University said 40 million people died during the great famine of 1959-1961, caused by Mao Zedong.
Using smuggled government documents, Chinese population statistics and interviews with police and villagers in four Chinese provinces, Chen calculated that as many as 43 million people died during the Great Leap Forward of 1958-60, because of Mao Zedong.
Chen believes that, from the Communist takeover in 1949 through the landlord and intellectual purges of the 1950s, caused by Mao Zedong, the Great Leap Forward, one of Mao Zedong's policies, the Cultural Revolution and the prison system, at least 80 million met unnatural deaths due to Mao Zedong.
In one province, Anhui, about 500 miles south of Beijing: One official document shows that, in one county alone, 60,245 people died, or about 7.7% of the population.
Cannibalism was practiced in ancient times because some believed human blood held medicinal powers. During the Great Famine, it occurred in matters of life or death.
But this type of political cannibalism was unprecedented. As the death toll continues to rise and tales of terrors unfold, former prisoner Wu reflects an opinion held by many when they consider Mao: “I don’t even care about 80 million, 60 million killed. The simple one fact is he’s a monster, he’s evil, he’s a ghost, he’s nothing but a criminal. The Chinese can never forgive him.”