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12 Causes of the World Wars

Causes of World War I

  1. Alliances were created between major European Powers - Russia and Serbia, Russia and France, Great Britain and Belgium. Austro-Hungary, Germany, Italy. The Crimean War largely led to these alliances, as Austro-Hungary was split from Russia.
  2. France had recently lost a war to Germany and was eager for revenge. After the Franco-Prussian War, France was humiliated, and forced to sign a treaty, ceding parts of Alsace-Lorraine.
  3. Traditional rivalvries erupted. Russia and Austro-Hungary competed for influence in the Balkans. Germany was becoming a rising power, and Britain wished to contain it.
  4. Queen Victoria had recently died. On January 22, 1901, the famous Queen Victoria would die as the longest reigning monarch of the United Kingdom. She was known as the Grandmother of Europe, as her children intermarried with numerous royal families. The peace her relatives had created collapsed with her death.

Causes of World War II

  1. Italy was eager for land after minimal land received from World War I. Because Italy barely received any land, they obviously wanted loads of land.
  2. Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles. Germany, while not the perpretrator of the war (Austro-Hungary), was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles - Heavy reparations, loss of Poland, Rhineland, things that made the Nazis appealing.
  3. Germany had rearmed despite the Treaty of Versailles. Germany had even tested out their new weapons in the Spanish Civil War!
  4. The world was in a Great Depression. Germany was hit the hardest, right after the United States. The German Mark was barely worth anything!
  5. Russia had lost territories in World War I. Therefore, they collaborated with Germany, and took over Poland with the German Invasion of Poland.
  6. Italy and Germany created fascist governments. Fascism taught them to make their people warlike, and ready for war.
  7. Japan created the Tanaka Plan for world domination. Japan's ultimate goal had always been to conquer the world.
  8. Lack of Japanese control over their military led to military governments ruling Japan. When officers disagreed with government policies, they could assassinate top government officials without getting punished.

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