The Battle of Somme

The battle of Somme was one of the Deadliest Battles in World War I - and one of the harshest battles in the history of the world. The Battle of Somme was the most deadliest day in the entire history of the entire British Army. How bad could it be? Bad enough that millions perished. 

The Battle of Somme occurred between July 1st, 1916, to November 18, 1916. In this period of time, more than 1 million people were killed.

Great Britain
By the end of the battle, 623,906 British and French Troops had died, and 465,000-500,000 German Troops had died. 

How did this human tragedy occur? Well, as this is one of the first battles in World War I, the British had still not prepared enough.

The training that the British troops received at that time was old fashioned. It worked to colonize poor regions of the world, that were undeveloped, such as China in the Opium Wars or South Africa in the Boer Wars, but would not work against developed nations such as Germany. They even failed against an in-between nation like Russia, shown in the Crimean War.

The training that the French Troops received at that time, was much better than the training of British Troops. France was going through a demographic transition - their citizens, like most modern nations, had two to three children (a small number back then), so they had less soldiers to throw at the enemy. French tactics, similarly to British tactics, had not been updated from the past wars, which were normally against undeveloped backwaters. Infantry still marched in columns and rows.

On the other hand, Germany was still battle-ready. They had a larger population than France with a larger industrial base than Russia to boot (though given a few years, Russia would have surpassed Germany). They had a navy second only to the British Empire (but their 'victory at Jutland' forced them to stay in port for most of the war.

But the main difference was, that the British and French Troops had tanks. They were bad tanks, driving sometimes only around 3 miles per hour. But, they ran over the barbed wire in the trenches and could fire large bullets, something most vehicles couldn't do back then.

While the British and French Troops did win the Battle of Somme, and World War I, they lost much more troops, which would cause more hardships later in the war. The Home Front (another word for people still living in their houses, like laborers in factories) was negatively affected too, since most of the casualties were the sons of the working populace.

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